Lack of physical activity constitutes a risk factor for our health, within the wide group of variables that can influence it. Next, we explain why it is important to practice physical activity to improve our well-being.
Today’s society offers us many options for physical exercise if we propose them. On the other hand, although exercise is a very positive habit for our daily life, it is not a determinant of well-being. Below, we analyze this relationship in depth, offering ideas to get the most out of it.
From time immemorial, our ancestors carried out certain actions that, naturally, were a part of the doing of the primitive being. Actions as accessible as physical exercise or sunbathing 20 minutes a day were the consequence of behaviours that were intended to cover other needs, such as searching for food. Thus, hunting or harvesting the field, had consequences that today are considered as protectors of health and promoters of well – being.
Although sport and physical activity are often confused, they are not synonymous. Physical activity is a simple practice, while sport involves competition that always yields a result.
Thus, physical activity began as an inherent behaviour in man related to physiological, psychological and even utilitarian needs. Later, it comes the concept of sport as a regulated physical activity, whose origin is d and the Greek Olympic Games, and n 776. C.
In today’s life, it is not a coincidence that we voluntarily look for a space to carry out activities that allow us to release tension. Exposing ourselves to the sun for 20 minutes or doing physical exercise contributes to the production of endorphins, neurotransmitters that are responsible for making us feel well-being and happiness, among other functions.
A simple and accessible alternative for many is hiking. These are a traditional habit, with its own concept beyond its name, passegiatas. More than an exercise, it is a lifestyle that consists of taking a walk 15 minutes after each meal. The benefits of this habit have been demonstrated and studied in research published by the medical journal Diabetes Care.
Physical exercise, quality of life and affection
Many times we think of physical exercise as a determinant of well-being. However, this is not the case. Physical activity is necessary, but not sufficient for well-being. Well-being is a broad concept, but it is also precise. Well-being, beyond understanding health-promoting behaviours, also depends on the quality of life and health conditions.
Furthermore, affection is also a key element in our well-being. For psychology, affectivity has to do with sensitivity to different alterations in the real or symbolic world. With this in mind, it is possible to decrease negative affect and increase positive affect through emotional regulation techniques. In this sense, the role of physical exercise in well-being is twofold, since it positively influences the affective system.
Variables such as affectivity, health conditions and the influence of quality of life are mediators of well-being. Thus, the World Health Organization ( WHO ) warns of the need to monitor population levels of physical activity, using a standardized protocol, as an important and necessary part of a public health response to current concerns related to the lack of physical activity in many populations.
Physical inactivity, a risk factor in our health
Physical inactivity is a risk factor for chronic diseases. Its impact has been studied in cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, colon cancer, and breast cancer. They are also associated with other important health conditions including mental health, injuries, falls, and obesity.
Today we have many tools that allow us to increase or control physical activity, such as a simple pedometer or step counter. In many cases, the absence of physical exercise is not due to lack of time, but to a lack of planning.